Search just our sites by using our customised search engine

Unique Cottages | Electric Scotland's Classified Directory

Click here to get a Printer Friendly PageSmiley

Parliamo Scots
Verbal Forms (1)

Parliamo Scots                                                                Soutar Davie

Verbal Forms


    The present participle is usually formed by adding in to the infinitive.  So we have; be-in, daein, follaein, gaein, giein, haein, blawin, cawin, fawin, graenin, hurlin, plowterin, reddin, staupin, thraetenin, waukenin, etc.

    A distinction was made in Middle Scots between present participles which were made by adding  -an or and to the infintive, and verbal nouns ending in in.  This distinction was revived in writing under the influence of the Scots Style Sheet published in 1947, but this practice now seems odd, since it serves no useful purpose.

    Present participles are sometimes used to construct qualified nouns.  For example, we have: beilin-lump, fechtin-laid, gangin fuit, greitin-meetin, killin-houss, lauchin-turn, ludgin-houss, fechtin-laid, rinnin-laid, settlin-gress, etc.

    In forming the present participles of verbs ending in il, such as, ettil, hirpil, warsil,   i may be dropped to give: ettlin, hirplin, etc.


    The ending, -in, is used also for verbal nouns.  For example, in biggin, bygaein, dounsittin, flittin, flytin, skelpit-letherin, spittin, waddin, etc.

                        Ye coud aye gang in an pey Gran a veisit i the bygaein.
                        He feinisht fower plates o kail at the ae dounsittin.
                        Its an awfie hatter aye, a flittin!
                        Yon bairn is shuirlie wurkin on for a skelpit-letherin.
                        Ah canna byde ti see a spittin fylin the causie.
                        Ah dout Ahm no richt buskit for a waddin.

Return to Parliamo Scots Index Page


This comment system requires you to be logged in through either a Disqus account or an account you already have with Google, Twitter, Facebook or Yahoo. In the event you don't have an account with any of these companies then you can create an account with Disqus. All comments are moderated so they won't display until the moderator has approved your comment.

comments powered by Disqus