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Weekly Mailing List Archives
25th May 2007

It's your Electric Scotland newsletter meaning the weekend is nearly here :-)

You can view what's new this week on Electric Scotland at and you can unsubscribe to this newsletter by clicking on the link at the foot of this newsletter.

See our Calendar of Scottish Events around the world at 

Electric Scotland News
The Flag in the Wind
The Scottish Nation
Civilization of the Celts
Poems and Stories
Scottish Canadian Newspaper
Proceedings of the Scotch-Irish Third Congress at Louisville, Kentucky May 14 to 17, 1891
History of Scotland
Highlanders in Spain
Memoir of Norman MacLeod, D.D.
The Early Scottish Church (New Book)

Warm weather has at last arrived in Chatham and I've arranged to get my steps up to the house replaced. This was something I meant to do when I first purchased my house but now only just getting around to it. I might add that it's my neighbour across the road that is doing it as they have been doing painting and decks for many years. And of course if they don't do a good job they'll at least be looking at it every day :-)

Alexander Brodie of Brodie got in touch to advise his new address:

Post Restante,
c\o Forres MSPO,
172 High Street,
Forres IV36 1QQ,
Moray, Scotland.

and also to say he has appointed a High Commissioner for the Americas, Robert Brodie from Arizona:-

And his official clan web page at

Some of the stories in here are just parts of a larger story so do check out the site for the full versions. You can always find the link in our "What's New" section at the link at the top of this newsletter and pick up poems and stories sent into us during the week from Donna, Margo, Stan, John and others.

Mind that The Flag is now in two sections (1) Political and (2) Cultural.

This weeks Flag is compiled by Richard Thomson and is reporting on our power requirements and supply as well as discussing the Olympic Games from a Scottish perspective.

Peter has added a children's poem in his cultural section...

Drum Major
J K Annand

Up at the Castle
Lots o people come
To hear the sodgers pipe
And beat upon the drum.

I'd like to be a piper,
I'd like to be a drummer,
But best o aa I'd like
To be the big heid-bummer.

He birls his siller stick,
He throws it in the air,
And when he gies the sign
The pipers play nae mair.

You can also listen to this in real audio at

You can read the Flag, listen to the Scots Language, enjoy the Scots Wit and lots more at

The Scottish Nation
My thanks to Lora for transcribing these volumes for us.

Now on the G's and added this week are Gourlay, Gow, Gowrie and Graham.

The Graham entry is quite large and here is how it starts...

GRÆME or GRAHAM, a surname said to be derived from the Gaelic word grumach, applied to a person of a stern countenance and manner, hence the Gothic term grim. It is more likely to have originated in the British word grym, signifying strength, hence grime’s dyke, erroneously called Graham’s dyke, the name popular given to the wall of Antoninus, from an absurd fable of Fordun and Boece, that one Greme, traditionally said to have governed Scotland during the minority of Eugene the Second, broke through the mighty rampart erected by the Romans between the rivers Forth and Clyde. It is unfortunate for this fiction, and for the suppositious Gaelic origin of the name, that the first authenticated person who bor it in North Britain was Sir William de Graeme (the undoubted ancestor of the dukes of Montrose and all “the gallant Grahams” in this country), who came to Scotland in the reign of David the First, from whom he received the lands of Abercorn and Dalkeith, and witnessed the charter of that monarch to the monks of the abbey of Holyrood in 1128. In Gaelic grim means war, battle. Anciently, the word Grimes-dike was applied to trenches, roads, and boundaries, and was not confined to Scotland. Chalmers remarks that if Graham be the proper spelling of the name, it may be said to be a compound of Gray-ham, the dwelling of Gray; but if it be Graeme, it is a genuine Saxon word signifying angry, fierce. Gram and Grim were English names, hence Grimby, Grimsthorp, &c. One of the Orkney Islands is named Graemsey. Graham is the spelling of the name of the witness in the charter of Holyroodhouse.

This Anglo-Norman knight, Sir William de Graham, had two sons, Peter and John, in whom the direct line was carried on. The elder, Peter de Graham, styled of Dalkeith and Abercorn, had also two sons, Henry and William. Henry, the elder, witnessed some of the charters of King William the Lion. He was succeeded by his son Henry, whose son, also named Henry, by marrying the daughter of Roger Avenel (who died in 1243), acquired the extensive estates of Avenel, in Eskdale. He was one of the magnates Scotiae in the parliament of Scone 5th February 1283-4, who bound themselves, by their oaths and seals, to receive and acknowledge as their sovereign, the princess Margaret of Norway, the grand-daughter of Alexander the Third, in the event of that monarch’s death without issue.

His son, Sir Nicholas de Graham, sat in the parliament at Brigham, now Brigham, in Berwickshire, in 1290, when the treaty was signed for the marriage between Prince Edward of England and the infant Maiden of Norway. In 1292 he was one of the nominees of Bruce the competitor, when he became a candidate for the vacant crown. In 1296 he swore fealty to Edward the First of England, being designed of the county of Linlithgow, his lands of Abercorn being in that county. His son, Sir John de Graham of Dalkeith, had a son, John de Graham, who, dying without issue, was the last of the elder line of the original stock of the Grahams. He had two sisters, his heiresses, – the one, married to William More, who obtained with her the lands of Abercorn; and the other, Margaret, becoming the wife of William Douglas of Lugton, ancestor of the earls of Morton, conveyed to him Dalkeith and the vast property of the Avenels in Eskdale. The former (Dalkeith) came into possession of the Buccleuch family in 1642, by purchase from the then earl of Morton, and gives the title of earl to that ducal house.

There is also a ery good account of GRAHAM, JAMES, first marquis of Montrose, a distinguished military commander, celebrated by one party as comparable to the greatest heroes of antiquity, and branded by another as a renegade and traitor, was the eldest son of John, fourth earl of Montrose, by his countess, Lady Margaret Ruthven, eldest daughter of the first earl of Gowrie, and was born in 1612. He succeeded his father in 1626, and being the only son of his family, was soon after prevailed on by his friends to marry Lady Magdalen Carnegie, sixth daughter of the first earl of Southesk. His education having been interrupted by his nuptials, he engaged preceptors to come into his house, and soon made great progress in Greek and Latin, and other branches of study. After which he spend some years on the continent, and having acquired all the accomplishments of a gentleman, returned to Scotland about 1634. Not meeting with such an encouraging reception at court as he expected, he eagerly joined the Presbyterian party, became a lord of the Tables, November 15, 1637, and was one of the most active and zealous supporters of the National Covenant on its renewal in 1638. In the following year he had the command of the forces sent to the north against the town of Aberdeen, the inhabitants of which city, then principally Episcopalians, he compelled to take the Covenant. On his approach, the marquis of Huntly, who had collected a force for the purpose of preventing a meeting of the Covenanters at Turriff, disbanded his followers, and was sent by Montrose prisoner to Edinburgh; but his second son, the earl of Aboyne, having appeared in arms the same year, Montrose marched against him, and totally routed his forces at the Bridge of Dee on the 18th of June; on which occasion the Covenanters again took possession of Aberdeen.

You can read the rest of this entry at

You can read the other entries at 

Civilization of the Celts
Got up two .pdf files covering the Civilization of the Celts which covers...

The Structure of Society. Legal and Political Institutions at
I. The Segmentary Character of Celtic Society and the Politico-Domestic Character of its Institutions. II. The Divisions of Society; 1. The Tribe; 2. The Clan; 3. The Family; 4. Marriage and Descent; 5. Extensions of the Family; 6. Inheritance; 7. Floating Elements. III. The Land and Ownership; 1. Causes of the Formation of a Landed Aristocracy; 2. The System of Agriculture. IV. Penal Law. V. Political Institutions; 1. The King and the Evolution of Kingship; 2. Public Bodies and Assemblies; 3. The Nation; 4. The Army; 5. The Nation. Relations of the Celtic Peoples. The Celtic Empire.

The Structure of Society (continued). - The Religion of the Druids and the Druidic Priesthood at
I. The Druidic Priesthood a Pan-Celtic Institution. II. The Character and Working of the Druidic Priesthood. III. The Druids and other Indo-European Brotherhoods. IV. What Celtic Religion owed to Druidism. V. The Unity of the Celtic Religions. VI. Stages of the Celtic Religions. VII. Politico-Domestic Organization and Hero-worship. VIII. Festivals. IX. How Religion Developed. X. Ritual. XI. Representations of the Gods. XII. Mythology.

Here is a bit from Marriage and Descent...

Cæsar gives us more detailed information. According to his account, among the Celts of Britain one wife was owned by ten or twelve men, the husbands being each other’s brothers, fathers, and sons and the children belonging to a nominal father who had contracted the marriage and taken the woman into his house. One might at first sight suppose that we have here a group of clan kinsmen, sharing wives as the women share husbands. But probably it is really a form of polyandry suited to a fairly large group, living together in one large house, not deriving enough from its common labour to support many wives and perhaps not needing female labour because it does little agriculture. Similar phenomena are reported in Northern India and among the Southern Slavs. Cæsar’s description, which is quite credible, does not reveal the survival of a very ancient phase of marriage, but a rather peculiar manner of applying the rules of the Celtic family. But the epics, history, and law of the Celts contain memories or important remnants of the uterine family.

The descent of heroes like Cuchulainn and Conchobar is indicated by their mother’s name. Moreover, they were of irregular birth, and Irish law assigned children born out of wedlock to the mother’s family. When, too, the husband was a foreigner, having no family in Ireland, the small family which he founded was attached to that of his wife, being called the “blue family”, glasfine, because the man was supposed to have come over the sea. In that case the “marriage” was said to be “of the man” and the “property” “of the woman”. We have instances of succession in the female line and even of matriarchy in the legendary ruling houses of Ireland and the historical ruling houses of Britain. Celtic law implied that women had some political competence. Plutarch, in his essay On the Virtues of Women, describes them smoothing over quarrels, taking part in the discussions of assemblies, and being appointed arbiters by a treaty between Hannibal and the Volcæ. Strabo, following Poseidonios, says that the Armorican priestesses were very independent of their husbands.

It has been observed that the Celtic women wore trousers. Those of Gaul certainly did, witness a statue in the British Museum. The Gallic women accompanied their husbands in war, and those of Ireland had military duties proportionate to their rights to landed property. They were only relieved of them by Christianity, and stage by stage. One stage was the purchase of exemption from service by giving up half one’s property to the family. This was one episode in the process of depriving woman of her powers which everywhere accompanied her loss of the privilege of conveying descent. Apart from these exceptional cases and relics of the past, the normal Celtic family was an almost entirely agnatic family. The woman was the instrument of natural parentage but not of legal parentage. The son of a daughter did not belong to his grandfather’s line save in one single case: a man without male issue might give his daughter in marriage, reserving to himself any child which should be born, and that child became legally, not his grandson, but his son. This family was gathered round a hearth, which was the centre of its worship and never ceased to hold a central place in the representation of its essence and unity. It worshipped its dead and its ancestors, like the Latin family, but no trace of that worship survives. The father of the family was master in his own house, master of the house and of his folk. Cæsar and the jurist Gaius observed that patria potestas of the Roman kind was exercised in Gaul. The father had, according to Cæsar, the right of life and death over his children. The laws of Ireland and Wales bear witness to the same powers. They differ on the age of emancipation. In Ireland, patria potestas could be terminated only by the death or incapacity of the father. In Northern Welsh law emancipation came at the age of military service, namely fourteen. But we should note that in this case the youth escaped from the tutelage of his father only to enter into dependence on the chief to whom he had been presented.

According to Cæsar the Gaul had the same power over his wife as over his children. In the noble families, on the death of the paterfamilias, the women fell into the power of his relations, who could, if the death was suspicious, have them tortured or slain. It could be a method of settling the inheritance of the childless widow. But in fact the situation was not so simple. Married women might have property; accounts had to be rendered to them. Cæsar himself in the same passage indicates that the wife was far from being completely in the manus of her husband. She brought a dowry, in the form of property, pecunia; the amount of it was reckoned and the husband doubled it, and this constituted a stock; accounts of it were kept and the fructus, the profits, were retained. The survivor became the owner of both halves and of the sum total of previous profits. Whatever may have been the nature of the property to which Cæsar here refers, the passage proves that it was possible for these common goods to be managed jointly or in some other equitable fashion.

Now this account agrees with the Irish and Welsh laws, in which we again find the dowry and the wife’s jointure. The woman whose marriage is the occasion of these patrimonial arrangements is of the same rank as her husband. On general principle, a woman is incapable, under Irish law, of making a contract without her husband’s consent, except where their properties are exactly equal. The Táin begins with a long discussion between Queen Medb and her husband Ailill about the amount of their wealth and therefore of their rights. The Celtic family, then, included the position of matron, cet muinter, the chief woman of the family. Her position was, however, more independent than that of the matron who had married again. In this respect the Celtic family is at an earlier stage in the development of the paternal family than the Roman.

The Celtic societies were evidently moving towards monogamy, but polygamy was allowed. Normally there was only one matron in a family, but there were other women, slaves or wives. The marriage of the matron involved purchase, but the rites of purchase were simpler for women of lower condition. Concubines (in Irish ben urnadma) were bought at the great annual fairs for the term of a year. By this time-limit the woman was saved from coming under the manus of the man. But in practice this marriage often lasted more than one year.

The book index can page can be found at

Poems and Stories
Added an article about Alexander Linn, a martyr for the Presbyterian produced by Loretta Layman, complete with pictures, which you can read at

Added pictures of the New Pitsligo War Memorial from Stan Bruce which you can see at

Added a poem called "The Vision at Wallace Monument" by Edward Torrance at

Frank Shaw sent us in Prayer of Remembrance 2007 from the Kirkin' o' the Tartan in Georgia at

Stan sent in details of another new book he's produced, "Along the Coast - Cullen to Pennan" at

Scottish Canadian Newspaper
Added another issue of this newspaper...

July 23, 1891 at

This issue carries an article about Burns and Highland Mary.

You can see all the issues to date at

Proceedings of the Scotch-Irish Third Congress at Louisville, Kentucky May 14 to 17, 1891
Now working on the Third Congress and here is a bit from the Thursday morning session...

Governor Buckner said:

Mr. Chairman, Ladies, and Gentlemen: Less than two centuries ago two streams of immigration coming from the old land entered this country by way of Philadelphia and Charleston. They were a very sturdy race of people, who stopped at no difficulties. They didn't stop to reside in the new civilization that had already been established at those points; but moving forward to the frontier, they sought new fields to conquer, and, with an enterprise characteristic of their race, they pierced both through the peninsula and the Alleghanies, and crossed the valley into the field of Tennessee. While our country was engaged in the contest for freedom, for liberty, this sturdy race not only participated in that conflict; but whilst independence was achieved in the East for this entire country, they were chiefly instrumental in conquering an empire to add to the country. From the first settlement at Watauga, when the frontiersmen were threatened by military advances, these sturdy sons under Campbell and Shelby advanced into the interior of South Carolina, and at King's Mountain hurled back the advancing tide and returned to the point from which they had started. It has been demonstrated that this race, justly constituting the force which conquered this country, has added to this empire a country five times the extent of that which it would have been but for their enterprise. It has been demonstrated by Mr. Roosevelt, in his charming work called the "Winning of the West," that but for this race the independence which was achieved would have been limited to the summits of the Alleghany Mountains, composing but a small, almost infinitesimal part of the United States. We, in this country, Mr. Chairman, are especially grateful to this people. We owe to their energy and their enterprise the homes which are now our happy abodes. I esteem it a peculiar pleasure that as Governor of this Commonwealth, which owes so much to the Scotch-Irish race, I have been selected to extend to you a welcome to our country. It is not an enforced hospitality; we feel that any one of Scotch-Irish descent—a descendant from that race, akin to those to whom we owe our homes—is not only welcomed here as a guest, but has a right to partake of the hospitalities of our homes. I extend to you all, ladies and gentlemen, a hearty welcome to the soil of Kentucky, and we deem it a particular favor and a special honor that we are permitted to-day to receive you as our guests at our own home.

Mr. Bonner:

Mr. Governor: On behalf of the Scotch-Irish Society of America, I thank you most heartily for your cordial welcome to the good old State of Kentucky, a State which for many reasons I especially love. Kentucky is noted the world over for three things—the beauty and accomplishments of her daughters [applause] ; the bravery and brains of her sons; and, what interests me particularly, if you will permit me to refer to it, the speed and endurance of her horses [applause]. In those respects she holds a pre-eminent position, but it is not alone in those positions that she holds the pre-eminence. Our Kentucky Vice-president, Dr. Hervey McDowell, of Cynthiana, assured me this morning that there were more Scotch-Irish in Kentucky than in Ulster itself. I only regret that some one more capable of giving expression to our appreciation of your kindness had not been called to occupy my position. I feel somewhat in the position of a countryman of mine. About fifty years ago, journalism in this country was in a very primitive state. In receiving advertisements the great consideration was the cost of setting the type, a thing that is entirely ignored now. The first insertion was always at an extra cost; for instance, the man to whom I refer wanted to advertise for the position of a gardener. He asked the clerk after taking out his advertisement what the cost would be; the clerk told him it would be fifty cents for the first insertion, and twenty-five cents for the two subsequent insertions. "Well," he said, "I will have it in for the two subsequent insertions."

Now, I am somewhat in that position. I wish that the first little address, that it is my privilege to make, could be omitted. I know it would be a great relief to me, and I think it would be a relief to you, so that we could come at once to the two subsequent addresses that we are to hear.

The question is frequently put to me: "What is the object of your Society?" And I have committed one or two thoughts to paper in answer to that question. In the first place, I wish to emphasize the fact that it is not our purpose to cultivate or in any way encourage sectarian or political feeling. In all such matters we aim, as a Society, to preserve a wise and masterly inactivity. People of all denominations are eligible to membership. Whatever our respective opinions may be as to either religion or politics, or however zealous we may be ill advocating them elsewhere, we neither introduce nor discuss them here. In corroboration of this fact, I may state that a year ago, when the Rev. Dr. John Hall, of New York, delivered an address on "The Ulster of To-day" before our Society at Pittsburg, the Rev. Morgan Sheedy, a Roman Catholic priest of that city, wrote him on the following day a friendly and appreciative note, in which he said: "Permit a stranger to you to thank you most cordially for the words so truthfully, so honestly, and so eloquently spoken of the people of Ireland, irrespective of geographical, race, or religious lines."

Now as to the leading object of our Society, I do not know of any way in which I can better illustrate it than by reading extracts from two letters that I have recently received. The first letter is from a lady in Hartford, Conn., who is a member of one of the most prominent families of that city, and a niece of Commodore Perry, of Lake Erie fame. She writes as follows:

I have always been exceedingly proud of my Scotch-Irish blood. It goes more to the "making of men" than the blood of any other race in the world, in my opinion. I don't believe a Scotch-Irishman could ever imagine himself defeated in any sort of contest—religious, mental, or physical—and he has not often been found in that predicament. Among the sailors of New England of that blood, I beg to mention my five uncles, brothers of my mother. Com. 0. H. Perry, of Lake Erie fame; Capt. Raymond H. J. Perry, who commanded one of the vessels under Com. McDonough on Lake Champlain; Com. M. C. Perry, "who crowned a life of naval distinction and glory by opening the ports of Japan to the commerce of the world;" Lieut. James Alexander Perry, who died at the age of twenty. He was a midshipman at the time of the battle of Lake Erie, wanting a little of being twelve years old; he acted as Com. Perry's aid, was slightly wounded, and was voted a sword by Congress; is said to have been the youngest recipient of a national sword of honor in the world. My youngest uncle, Nathaniel Hazard Perry, a Purser in the Navy, was too young to take any part in the war of 1812.

The second letter, which is in the same line, is from a well-known New York lawyer, Douglass Campbell, a son of the late Judge Campbell, of the Supreme Court of New York. After describing himself as a Scotch-Irishman by descent, he says:

My ancestor, James Campbell, a cadet of the House of Auchenbreck, was out in the Monmouth Rebellion with his kinsman, the Marquis Argyle. He escaped and went to Londonderry, where he was a Major during the famous siege. He died there, and his two sons, James and John, went early in the next century to Londonderry, in New Hampshire. From there they removed to Cherry Valley, New York, in 1741, forming part of that remarkable Scotch-Irish colony which played so great a part in the Revolution. They there built the first church, and established the first school-house, west of the Schenectady, where English was taught.

I notice that Scotch-Irishmen always build churches and school-houses wherever they go.

But, as I have said, the leading object of our Society, and I think you will agree with me that it is a most laudable one, is to bring out and place on record such facts as are given in these letters, in order that the Scotch-Irish race may occupy their true place in the history of the country, and that their achievements may serve as an example and a stimulus to their children and their children's children for all time to come.

You can read the rest of this account at

You can read more of this volume at

History of Scotland
In 9 volumes By Patrick Fraser Tytler (1828)

I am now on the fourth volume and the sections added this week are...

Chapter 2 (Pages 183 - 223)
James the Third (Part A) (1460)

Chapter 2 (Pages 224 - 278)
James the Third (Part B) (1469)

Chapter 2 (Pages 279 - 331)
James the Third (Part C) (1482)

Here is how Chapter 2 starts...

SCOTLAND once more exposed to the danger and the woe pronounced upon the nation whose king is a child, was yet entitled to expect a pacific commencement of the minority, from the wisdom and experience of the queen-mother, the apparent union amongst the nobility, and the sage counsels of the chief ministers of the late king, who, from attachment to the father, were likely to unite for the support of the son. Immediately after the surrender of the fortress of Roxburgh, which was dismantled, and the demolition of Wark castle, which had been
stormed by another division of the army, the further prosecution of the war was interrnitted, and the nobility conducted their monarch, then only eight years old, to the monastery of Kelso, where he was crowned with the accustomed pomp and solemnity, a hundred knights being made, to commemorate the simultaneous entrance of the prince into the state of chivalry, and his assumption of his royal and hereditary dignity.' The court then removed to Edinburgh, where the remains of the late king were committed to the sepulchre in the venerable abbey of Holyrood."

We have already seen, that at this moment the neighbouring nation of England was torn and distracted by the wars of York and Lancaster, and the captivity of Henry the VI., the ally of Scotland, with the escape of his queen, and her son, the prince, into that country, are events belonging to the last reign. Immediately after the royal funeral, intelligence was brought, that this fugitive princess, whose flight had lain through Wales, was arrived at Dumfries, where she had been received with honour, and had taken up her residence in the monastery of Linclouden. To this place, the queen-mother of Scotland, with the king and the royal suite, proceeded, and a conference took place relative to the public affairs of both kingdoms, of which, unfortunately, we have no particular account, except that it lasted for twelve days. A marriage was talked of between the English prince and the sister of the King of ScotIand, but the energetic consort of the feeble Henry required more prompt and warlike support than was to be derived from a distant matrimonial alliance, and, encouraged by the promise of a cordial co-operation upon the part of Scotland, she returned with haste to York, and there, in a council of her friends, formed the resolution of attacking London, and attempting the rescue of her captive husband. The complete
triumph of this princess at Wakefield, where she totally routed the army of the Duke of York, once more, though for a brief period, confirmed the ascendency of the House of Lancaster; and Scotland, in the re-establishment of her ally upon the throne, anticipated a breathing time of peace and tranquillity.

But the elements of civil commotion existed in the habits of the people, and the constitution of the country. In the north, the fertile region of all confusion and rapine, Allan of Lorn of the Wood, a sister's son of Donald Balloch, had seized his elder brother, Ker of Lorn, and confined him in a dungeon in the island of Kerweray. Allan's object was to starve his victim to death, and succeed to the estate; but the Earl of Argyle, who was nearly related to the unfortunate baron, determined to rescue him; and arriving suddenly with a fleet of warlike galleys, entirely defeated this fierce chief, burnt his fleet, slew the greater part of his men, and restored the elder brother to his rightful inheritance. This, although apparently an act of justice, had the usual effect of rousing the whole body of the Island lords, and dividing them into various parties, animated with a mortal hostility against each other, and these issued
from their ocean-retreats to plunder the islands, to make descents upon the continent, and to destroy and murder the unhappy persons who refused to join their banner, or engage in such atrocities.

You can read the rest of this chapter at

As all the chapters are .pdf files I'll just point you at the index page of this publication where you can read the other chapters at

Highlanders in Spain
By James Grant (1910)

Now up to Chapter 39 and here is how it starts...

Chapter 39 - A Battle

In the long interval of time during which Lord Wellington's army remained cantoned on the Spanish frontier, no hostilities took place saving General Foy's fruitless attack upon Bejar, and the defeat of the French under General Frimont in the vale of Sedano, near Burgos. During the winter, supplies of every kind,—pay in some instances excepted,— arrived from Britain, to refit the army and enable it to take the field, which it did in an efficient state in the month of May, 1813.

During the long residence of the Gordon Highlanders in the valley of Banos, they had become quite domesticated among its inhabitants; and it was a daily occurrence to see them assisting in household matters,— working with the men in the gardens and vineyards, or carrying about in their arms the little children of the patrona on whom they were quartered ; and before the battalion departed, the venerable cura had wedded, for weal or woe, several of the olive-cheeked maidens of the valley to men who wore the garb of old Gaul.

On the 13th of May the corps marched from Banos, and the entire population of the secluded vale accompanied them to the end of the pass, and watched them until the notes of the war-pipes died away in the wind, and the last bayonet gave a farewell flash in the sunlight as the rear-guard descended the mountains towards the plain of Bejar, where Sir Rowland Hill mustered and reviewed the gathering brigades of his division.

The troops presented a very different appearance now from the wayworn, ragged and shoeless band which, in the close of the last year, had retired from Burgos. Fresh drafts of hale and plump British recruits had filled up the vacancies caused by wounds, starvation and disease; and a few months in quarters had restored the survivors to health and strength; the new clothing had completely renovated their appearance, and all were in high spirits and eager again to behold their old acquaintances, Messieurs the French. Sir Rowland complimented Fassifern on the appearance of his Highlanders, who cocked their plumes more gaily now than ever, as they marched past to 'the Garb of old Gaul.' Truly, new scarlet jackets, Paisley tartan, and bonnets from 'skull-cleeding Kilmarnock,' had wrought a wonderful change upon their ranks.

Although the Duke of Dalmatia and many battalions of French had been ordered into Germany, Buonaparte's army in Spain still mustered 160,000 strong. King Joseph, at the head of 70,000 men, kept his headquarters at Madrid; the rest were scattered through the eastern provinces, under Suchet and other commanders. It was determined by the British and Spanish Governments to make one grand and determined effort to drive the French across the Pyrenees, on again taking the field against them. An efficient train of pontoons was fitted out to assist in crossing those deep and rapid rivers by which Spain is so much intersected. Everything which would tend to the comfort of troops on service had been provided; and the army in the end of May, as I have before stated, commenced offensive measures against the enemy.

You can read the rest of this chapter at

You can read the other chapters at

Memoir of Norman MacLeod, D.D.
Minister of Barony Parish, Glasgow; one of Her Majesty's Chaplains; Dean of The Chapel Royal; Dean of The Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of The Thistle.
By his brother The Rev. Donald MacLeod, B.A. (1876)

Got up another couple of chapters of this book and here is how the chapter on the period 1836-7 starts...

AT this time the University of Glasgow attracted an unusual number of students from the east of Scotland. This was partly owin" to the brilliant teaching of Sir Daniel Sanford, and of the late Professor Ramsay, and partly to the wider influence which the Snell exhibitions to Oxford were beginning to exercise. Norman's father, determining to take advantage of this movement for the increase of his very limited income, arranged for the reception of one or two young men as boarders, whose parents were friends of his own. He had in this way residing in his house during the winter of 1836-7 William Clerk, son of Sir George Clerk, of Penicuick, Henry MacConochie, son of Lord Meadowbank, and James Nairne, from Edinburgh. John C. Shairp, son of Major Shairp, of Houstoun, now Principal of the United College in the University of St. Andrews, was in like manner boarded with Norman's aunts; but although residing under a different roof, he was in every other respect one of the party. Principal Shairp gives the following interesting reminiscences of the time:—

"Norman was then a young divinity student and had nearly completed his course in Glasgow College. To him his father committed the entire care of the three young men who lived in his house, and it was arranged that I, living with his aunts, should be added as a fourth charge. This I look back to as one of the happiest things that befell me during all my early life. Norman was then in the very hey-day of hope, energy, and young genius. There was not a fine quality which he afterwards displayed which did not then make itself seen and felt by his friends, and that youthfulness of spirit, which was to the last so delightful, had a peculiar charm then, when it was set off by all the personal attractions of two or three-and-twenty.

"His training had not been merely the ordinary one of a lad from a Scotch Manse, who has attended classes in Glasgow and Edinburgh Universities. His broad and sympathetic spirit had a far richer back-pound to draw upon. It was Morven and the Sound of Mull, the legends of Skye and Dunvegan, and the shore of Kintyre, that had dyed the first and inmost feelings of childhood with their deep colouring. Then, as boyhood passed into manhood, came his sojourn among Yorkshire squires, his visit to Germany, and all the stimulating society of Weimar, on which still rested the spirit of the lately-departed Goethe. All these things, so unlike the common-place experience of many, had added to his nature a variety and compass which seemed wonderful, compared with that of most young men around him. Child of nature as he was, this variety of experience had stimulated and enlarged nature in him, not overlaid it.

"There were many bonds of sympathy between us to begin with. First, there was his purely Highland and Celtic blood and up-bringing; and I, both from my mother's and paternal grandmother's side, had Celtic blood. The shores of Argyllshire were common ground to us. The same places and the same people—many of them—were familiar to his childhood and to mine. And he and his father and mother used to stimulate my love for that western land by endless stories, legends, histories, jests, allusions, brought from thence. It was to him, as to me, the region of poetry, of romance, adventure, mystery, gladness, and sadness infinite. Here was a great background of common interest which made us feel as old friends at first sight. Indeed, I never remember the time when I felt the least a stranger to Norman. Secondly, besides this, I soon found that our likings for the poets were the same. Especially were we at one in our common devotion to one, to us the chief of poets.

You can read the rest of this chapter at

The index page for the book is at

The Early Scottish Church
The Ecclesiastical History of Scotland from the First to the Twelfth century by the Rev. Thomas M'Lauchlin (1865).

I was sent in a .pdf file of this complete book which you can read at

THIS volume is the result of an effort to fill up a blank in the Ecclesiastical History of Scotland. Monograms exist on periods and persons introduced throughout it; and also brief sketches of the period, in works on Scottish Church History, preparatory to the history of more recent and more prominent events, but no work exists whose sole object is to present the reader with a consecutive and connected view of the period embraced. This was to be regretted, considering the importance of the events recorded, and their influence upon the future state of the Church in Scotland. Inferences, not borne out by historical facts, were drawn from assumptions regarding the early Church, by parties of various, and even of contending views, and antiquity was cited in support of conclusions which in reality derived no aid from its testimony. The author has endeavoured to collect his facts from the most trustworthy sources, linking them in a continuous narrative. Although these sources are few, yet, when the straggling rays are gathered together, it is wonderful how much light they afford. Impartiality has been earnestly studied throughout, the writer having but one object in view, the discovery of truth in questions of national interest.

In pursuing the history of the Scottish Church, it was impossible to exclude a reference to the civil history of the country during the same period. It will be found, in consequence, that a sketch of the civil history of Scotland, brief, but it is hoped sufficiently comprehensive, accompanies that of the Church; while some questions are discussed connected with topography and the names of persons and tribes, which may add interest to the volume in the eyes of a growing class of readers. The sources whence information has been sought in preparing this work, will be found on referring to the work itself. They come down to the most recent contributions made by writers of authority. The references might be more extensive, for there are few works on the subject which have not been consulted with some care; but the works cited are those whose authority stands highest on the various points discussed.

EDINBURGH, Oct. 1864.

And that's all for now and hope you all have a good weekend :-)


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