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The History of Stirlingshire
Chapter XXVII – Titled and Untitled Aristocracy

In a general history of this kind, our treatment of the "upper ten thousand" of the county must necessarily be of Spartan brevity.

Lord Abercromby, George Campbell Abercromby of Tullibody, is the eldest son of the third lord, by Louisa Penuel, daughter of the late Hon. John Hay Forbes; who, as Lord Medwyn, was a Scotch judge of session. His lordship was born in 1838; succeeded to the title in 1852; and married, in 1858, Lady Julia Janet Georgiana, daughter of Adam, second Earl of Camperdown.

Sir James Edward Alexander, C.B., of Westerton, who was created a knight in 1838, is the eldest son of the late Edward Alexander, Esquire, of Powis, by his second wife Catherine, daughter of John Glas, Esquire, provost of Stirling. He was born in 1807; and, in 1837, married Eveline Marie, third daughter of Lieut.-Col. Charles Cornwallis Michell, K.H.; and has, with other issue, Edward Mayne, born 1846. Sir James, who is a major-general in the army, was educated at the Universities of Edinburgh and Glasgow, and at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst.

John Blackburn, Esquire, of Killearn, is son of the late Peter Blackburn, Esquire, by Jean Wedderburn, second daughter of James Wedderburn, Esquire, formerly solicitor-general of Scotland. His father for some time represented the county in Parliament; but, at a general election, was defeated by Admiral Erskine of Cardross (Liberal), who headed the poll with a majority of 34. The Tory was highly esteemed on all hands for his shrewd, energetic, and practical parts. His impolite antecedents, however, with reference to the commercial treaty, the county franchise, and game laws, sealed his doom with the Stirlingshire electors. Mr. Blackburn, senr., was also chairman of the old E. & G. railway, when the late Mr. Richard Hodgson cleverly, though by no means creditably, clutched it as one solvent spoke at least for the wheels of North British. But Mr. Hodgson, notwithstanding all his alarming intrepidity and "go" as a railway chief, simply lived a few years before his time. It, perhaps, cannot be said that he had the Tay Bridge in view, but he certainly had the Forth Bridge; and all that the North British company have done and are doing, since his retirement and death, was only what he aimed at achieving. John Blackburn, Esquire, was born in 1843; and succeeded to the estate, with its elegant mansion, on the banks of the Blane, in 1870. The property was purchased in 1814 by his paternal grandfather, who had made a fortune in Jamaica.

J.C. Bolton, Esquire, of Carbrook, sits at present in parliament for the county. He might almost have been ranked as one of the eminent men. His career, which has been exceptionally prosperous, shows what business ability, keen insight, sound judgment, and force of character, can do for success in life. Having had his way to make the world, he started on fortune’s track as a sailor boy; but, in his fifteenth year, entered the British office of an East Indian house, in which he rose from junior clerk to the position of senior partner, and is now the only representative of the well-known Glasgow firm of Messrs. Ker, Bolton & Co. For some years, he was chairman of the Chamber of Commerce, and is still a director of the Caledonian Railway, and chairman of the Callendar & Oban line. Mr. Bolton married a Miss Higginbotham, daughter of the late Samuel Higginbotham, Esquire, Glasgow, but that lady died about a quarter of a century ago.

Sir William Cunningham Bruce, Baronet, of Stenhouse, is the eldest son of the late William Cunningham Bruce, Esquire, of the Bombay Civil Service, by Jane, daughter of William Clarke, Esquire, of London. He was born in 1825; and succeeded his uncle, Sir Michael, as eighth baronet, in 1862. In 1850, he married Charlotte Isabella, daughter of the Hon. Walter O’Grady, Q.C., and grand-daughter of Standish, first Guillamore. She died in 1873. Sir William was formerly captain of the 74th Foot. The heir, his son Michael, was born in 1853.

The Right Hon. Sir Andrew Buchanan, G.C.B., of Craigend, is the only son of the late James Buchanan, Esquire, by the Lady Janet Sinclair, eldest daughter of James, twelfth Earl of Caithness. He was born in 1807; and married, first, in 1839, Frances Catherine, only daughter of the late Very Rev. Edward Mellish, of Rushall Hall, Staffordshire, formerly dean of Hereford. She died in 1854. In 1857, Sir Andrew married, second, the Hon. Georgina third daughter of Robert Walter eleventh Lord Blantyre, and has by the former wife, with other issue, James, commander in the Royal Navy, who was born in 1840; and married, in 1873, Arabella Catherine, youngest daughter of G.C. Colquitt-Craven, Esquire, of Brockhampton, Gloucestershire. Sir Andrew, who entered the diplomatic service in 1825, was sworn a member of the Privy Council in 1863; appointed ambassador at Berlin in 1862, at St. Petersburg in 1864, and at Vienna in 1871.

Henry Ritchie Cooper, Esquire, of Ballindalloch, is the second son of the late Samuel Cooper, Esquire, of Failford and Ballindalloch, by Janet, daughter of Henry Ritchie, Esquire. He was born in 1816; succeeded in 1842; and, in 1846, married Mary Jane, only surviving child of Gerald Butler, Esquire, of Wexfordshire. With other issue, he has Henry, born in 1852.

Thomas George Dundas, Esquire, of Carronhall and Fingask, is the eldest son of the late Joseph Dundas, Esquire, (who died at Carronhall in 1872), by Margaret Isabella, youngest daughter of George Moir, Esquire, of Denmore, Aberdeenshire. He was born in 1853, and is lieutenant in the 52nd Foot. The surname of Dundas is very ancient and justly celebrated. It may be traced to Cospatrick, first Earl of March. Sir John Dundas of Fingask, in Perthshire, who flourished about the middle of the sixteenth century, was descended of Alexander, eldest son, by a second marriage, of James Dundas, Esquire, of Dundas, eleventh from Earl Cospatrick, with Christian Stewart, daughter of John Dominus de Innermeath et Lorn. This lady was aunt to the Black Knight of Lorn, who married Jane, Queen of Scotland, daughter of John, Duke of Lancaster, son of Edward III., and relict of James I.

The noble house of Murray, Earl of Dunmore, is descended of Sir John de Moravia, high sheriff of Perthshire under the Lion and Alexander II. His son, Malcolm de Moravia, also high sheriff of Perthshire, is witness to a charter by Malise Earl of Strathern, to his sister Annabella, on her marriage with Sir David de Graham, of the lands of Kincardine in Strathearn. By this lady, daughter and heiress of Sir Gilbert de Gask, he acquired the lands of Gask in Strathearn. His second son, Sir William, who succeeded to the representative of the family, married Adda, daughter of Malise, steward of Strathearn, in right of Muriel his wife, daughter and heiress of Congal de Mar de Tullibardine, son of Duncan Earl of Mar. By Adda, Sir William de Moravia acquired Tullibardine, and, from her brother Henry, steward of Strathearn, obtained a charter of confirmation in 1284. The writ is dated apud Duffaly, a place now called Duchally, near the entrance of Gleneglis. He was one of the great barons of Scotland who submitted to Edward I.’s determination in favour of Baliol. His son, Sir Andrew Murray, second of Tullibardine, favouring the Baliol party, paid the forfeit with his life at Perth in 1332. His great grandson, Sir Walter, fifth of Tullibardine, was surety for Sir John de Drummond, in the well-known treaty with the Menteths of Rusky on the banks of the Forth near Stirling 17th May, 1360, and appended his seal, with those of Sir John and Sir Maurice de Drummond, on the one part. His son and heir, Sir David, first styled of Gask, and afterwards of Tullibardine, founded, and largely endowed, the collegiate church of Tullibardine, for a provost and four prebendaries, in 1446. His daughter Christian married Sir Murdoch Menteth of Rusky, and was mother of the two co-heiresses of the Rusky estate and fourth part of the Levenax, who married, the one Sir John Haldane of Gleneglis, and the other Sir John Napier of Merchiston. His eldest son, Sir William, seventh of Tullibardine, was sheriff of Perth and Banff shires, and married Margaret, daughter of Sir John Colquhoun of Luss, lord high chamberlain of Scotland. He had by her seventeen sons, of whom many of the Murrays are descended. His eldest son, Sir William, obtained from James III., in 1782, a charter of the stewartry of Strathearn and lordship of Balquhidder. It was ratified by parliament under the following reign. The ninth of Tullibardine, William, whose mother was a daughter of Lord Gray, married Lady Margaret Stewart, daughter of John Earl of Athole. The tenth of Tullibardine, William, married Catherine, daughter of Sir John Campbell of Glenurchy. The eleventh, Sir William, notwithstanding he had taken an active part in the Reformation, was a favourite of Queen Mary, and had the honour of repeated visits from her Majesty at Tullibardine. He was made one of her privy council and comptroller of the kingdom in 1565. His eldest sister, Annabella, was countess of the Regent Mar, and, when a widow, entrusted with the infant person of James VI., "his hieness continuing under her noriture, as towards his mouthe and ordering of his person." Sir William Murray of Tullibardine, had, with his nephew, the Earl of Mar, afterwards lord high treasurer, the keeping &c. of Stirling castle, and of the infant king, whose residence it was. By Lady Agnes Graham, daughter of William second Earl of Montrose, he had his eldest son, Sir John, twelfth of Tullibardine, who, with his cousin Mar, had been the intimate friend of James VI., was, in 1592, appointed master of the king’s household; on the 15th of April, 1604, created Lord Murray of Tullibardine; and on the 10th of July, 1606, Earl of Tullibardine. John first Earl of Tullibardine had, by Dame Catherine Drummond, daughter of David second Lord Drummond, William second Earl of Tullibardine; John Patrick, afterwards third earl; Mungo, afterwards Viscount Stormont; Lady Anne, married to the Earl of Kinghorn; Lady Lillias, to Sir John Grant of Grant; Lady Margaret, to Haldane of Gleneglis; Lady Catherine, to Ross of Balnagowan; and a fifth daughter to John M’Gregor. William second Earl of Tullibardine married Lady Dorothea Stewart, eldest daughter and heiress of John fifth Earl of Athole; had by her John sixth Earl of Athole, father, by Lady Jean, daughter of Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurchie, of the first Marquis of Athole, and, through him, by Lady Emilia Stanley, daughter of James Earl of Derby, grandfather of Charles, the second son of this marriage, created by James VII. Earl of Dunmore, Viscount Fincastle, Baron Murray of Blair, 16th August, 1686. By Catherine, daughter of Robert Watts, Esquire, of the county of Hereford, the Earl of Dunmore had five sons, three of whom, James, John, and William, became successively his representatives in the peerage; and three daughters married, to Lord Kinnaird, the Earl of Dundonald, and John Lord Nairn. William had by Catherine, daughter of William Lord Nairn, three sons, and four daughters. Lady Catherine married John Drummond, Esquire, of Logie-Almond. His eldest son, John, became fifth Earl of Dunmore. By Lady Charlotte Stewart, daughter of Alexander Earl of Galloway, he had the sixth earl, who succeeded him in 1809, and, by Lady Susan Hamilton, daughter of Archibald Duke of Hamilton and Brandon, had male issue. The first Earl of Dunmore’s elder brother, John second Marquis of Athole, was, on the 30th of June, 1703, created Duke of Athole, to the heirs male of his body; whom failing to the heirs male of his father’s body. The Earl of Dunmore and male descendants are thus capable of contingently succeeding to the dukedom of Athole. By Lady Catherine Hamilton, eldest daughter of William Duke of Hamilton, the Duke of Athole had six sons and one daughter. John Marquis of Tullibardine was killed at the battle of Mons in 1709. His next brother, William, having embarked in the insurrection of 1715, was attainted of high treason. Escaping to France, he returned in company with Charles Edward Stuart, in 1745; was made prisoner in 1746; and died in the Tower of London in 1747. The duke procured the settlement of his estates and honours on his third son James; who, on the death of his father in 1724, became second Duke of Athole. On the death of the Earl of Derby, in 1735, without issue, while the estates and honours of Derby went to his male heir Sir Edward Stanley, the title of Lord Strange, and the lordship of Mann and the Isles came to the Duke of Athole, as heir of line and at law. By Jean, daughter of Sir John Frederick of Westminster, Bart., his grace had one son, who died young, and two daughters, Lady Jean, Countess of Crawford, who died without issue, and Lady Charlotte, married to her cousin, Mr. John Murray, oldest son of Lord George Murray, younger brother of her father. Mr. Murray succeeded his uncle and his father-in-law in the dukedom of Athole, and Lady Charlotte preserved in the family the honours and estates which had otherwise gone out of it. They were the parents of a late duke; who, in 1786, was created Earl Strange. The sovereignty of Mann was, in 1765, purchased by the parliament, and annexed to the crown of Great Britain. The lords of Mann, though they waved the title of king, had the powers. Mann was a royal fief of the English crown, and the only one; so that the Dukes of Athole had latterly united the characters of subject and sovereign, and the Earls of Dunmore might, contingently, have been in the same situation. Charles Adolphus Murray, the present earl, is the only son of Alexander Edward sixth earl, by Lady Katherine, daughter of George Augustus eleventh Earl of Pembroke. He was born in 1841; succeeded in 1845; and, in 1866, married Lady Gertrude, daughter of Thomas second Earl of Leicester. The heir, his son Alexander Edward, Viscount Fincastle, was born in 1871. Lady Susan Catherine Murray, the earl’s eldest sister, became, in 1860, the second wife of James Carnegie, K.T., Earl of Southesk, who married, first, Lady Catherine Hamilton, daughter of Charles first Earl of Gainsborough. His lordship, who was educated at Eton, is a skilled musician both in theory and practice. Of late years he has devoted his attention and means chiefly to the breeding and rearing of prize cattle. He is lord-lieutenant of the county, and a lord in waiting to the Queen.

The surname of Edmonston is certainly as old as Alexander II. Sir John de Edmonston Miles was a person of note under David Bruce on the 17th of March, 1499, who bestowed upon him the barony of Boyne, in Banffshire. Sir John had Edmonston in Mid-Lothian; and was, by the same monarch, appointed hereditary coroner of that county, with a power of assignment. He was proprietor also of Culloden in Inverness-shire. He married the Princess Isabel Stewart, relict of James Earl of Douglas, slain at the battle of Otterburn 1388, and daughter of Robert II., king of Scotland. During the reign of his brother-in-law, Robert III., Sir John de Edmonston was employed as plenipotentiary in different treaties with England, and had the same dignified function in three successive treaties with the same nation under the regency of his other brother-in-law, Robert Duke of Albany. By Lady Isabel he had two sons, Sir David de Edmonston, who died without male issue, and Sir William Edmonston of Culloden. The latter was the direct and immediate ancestor of the Edmonstons of Duntreath. He married the Princess Mary Stewart, eldest daughter of Robert III. and Queen Annabella Drummond; and, from his lady’s nephew, James II., obtained the lands of Duntreath. By the princess, Sir William Edmonston had a son, Sir William, and a daughter, Matilda, married to Sir Adam Cunninghame of Caprington. Sir William Edmonston of Culloden and Duntreath, who, by the death of his uncle without male issue, succeeded to the representation of the family of Edmonston, fixed his residence at Duntreath, and dropped the addition of Culloden. By Lady Matilda Stewart, daughter of Lord James, son of Murdoch, Duke of Albany and Regent, by Lady Isabel, Countess of Levenax in her own right, he had two sons, Sir Archibald, his heir, and William, who, by royal grant, obtained the lands of Buchynhadrick in the stewartry of Monteith. Sir William had, by the same lady, a daughter, Mary, married to Sir William Cunninghame, of Glengarnock. He was, under James III., in 1472, one of the senators of the College of Justice. Sir Archibald Edmonston of Duntreath was, by James IV., made captain of the Doune castle, and steward of Monteith and Strathgartney. By Janet, daughter of Sir James Haw of Sauchie, comptroller of Scotland, and governor of Stirling castle under James III., he had three sons, Sir William, his heir, James, ancestor of the Edmonstons of Broich in Stirlingshire, Jacob, of the Edmonstons of Balinton in Perthshire; and five daughters, Janet, married to William first Earl of Montrose, Catherine, to John second Earl of Eglinton, Christian, to John second Lord Ross, Margaret, to George Buchanan of Buchanan, Beatrix, to James Muschet of Burnbank in Perthshire. Sir William Edmonston of Duntreath, after his father’s death in 1502, was, by James IV., appointed captain of Doune castle and steward of Monteith. He sold Culloden to Strachan of Scotstown. He fell on Flodden field 9th September, 1513. By Sybilla, daughter of Sir William Baillie of Lamington, he left, Sir William, his heir, Archibald, ancestor of the Edmonstons of Spittal, James, ancestor of the Edmonstons of Newton and of Cambuswallace, and several daughters, the eldest of whom, Marion, was married to John Campbell of Glenurchy, paternal ancestor of the Earls of Breadalbane. Sir William Edmonston of Duntreath, and his brother Archibald Edmonston of Spittal, were, in 1516, made, by royal charter, joint captains of Doune castle and stewards of Menteith and Strathgartney. He was a privy councillor in 1565. By Margaret, daughter of Sir James Campbell of Lawers, and ancestor of the Earls of Loudon, he had, besides five daughters, all respectably married, Sir James, who married Helen, daughter of Sir James Stirling of Keir, and had, by her, William, his heir, and three daughters. William Edmonston of Duntreath married Isabel, daughter of Sir John Haldane of Gleneglis; and had, by her, Archibald, his heir, James, and John. The last married the sole heiress of Edmonston of Broich. The eldest was a member of the parliament met at Edinburgh in 1633, when Charles I. presided in person. By Jean, daughter and heiress of Hamilton of Halcraig, brother of Viscount Clandeboy, he had two sons, William, who, being dumb, did not succeed his father, and Archibald, his father’s successor. By Anna Helena, daughter of Scot of Harlwood-burn, he had, besides two daughters, both respectably married, Archibald, who married Miss Campbell, daughter, by the Honourable Miss Elphinston, of John Campbell of Mamore, son of Archibald ninth Earl of Argyll, and father of the late duke; and, by her, had Sir Charles Edmonston, created a baronet of Great Britain in 1774, and father, by Miss Harron, of the late Sir Charles Edmonston, Bart. of Duntreath. Sir William, ex-M.P. for the county, is the present representative of this noble family. We have referred to the Duntreath estate in an earlier chapter.

The first of the family of Elphinston who appears on record, John de Elphinston, flourished under Alexanders II. and III., and possessed the barony of Elphinston, in Mid-Lothian. His grandson and representative, Sir John de Elphinston, is forward with his younger brothers, Aleyn and Duncan, among the involuntary subjects of the English monarch, in 1296. By Margaret de Seton, niece of King Robert Bruce, he had Alexander de Elphinston, who by marriage with Agnes de Airth, acquired Airth-Beg, and several others lands in Stirlingshire; and by exchange of part of Airth-Beg, Kirkunbar in this county. Alexander’s great-grandson and representative, Sir Alexander Elphinston, dominus de Elphinston, was succeeded in the barony of Elphinston in Mid-Lothian, by his only child Agnes, who carried, by marriage, that estate into the family of Johnston. Her uncle, Henry Elphinston, Esquire, of Pittendreich, succeeded his brother in the Stirlingshire property; which, also, with some lands in Perth and Aberdeen shires, was subsequently called the barony of Elphinston. Henry’s great-grandson and representative, Sir Alexander Elphinston of Elphinston, a man of good parts, great honour, and unimpeachable integrity, was, at the baptism of Prince Arthur, in 1509, raised by James IV. to the peerage, by the title of Lord Elphinston. In 1510, Lord Elphinston, as he was not diplomatically styled, obtained a charter under the great seal of the lands of Gargunnock and Carnock. In 1512, he obtained a royal charter of Quarrol and other lands in the county. He accompanied his royal friend and patron to Flodden, in 1513, and, having a great likeness of that elegant monarch, fell a victim to his personating him in a battle fatal to James and many of his nobles. His only son, Alexander, second Lord Elphinston, was slain in the battle of Pinkey 1547. By the Hon. Catherine Elphinston, daughter of John, Lord Erskine, or, more properly, Earl of Mar, he had five sons and three daughters. The eldest son, Robert third Lord Elphinston, was, by Margaret, daughter of Sir John Drummond of Inverpaffrey, ancestor, through his third son, Sir James (a lord of the treasury, a secretary of state, and president of the court of session, in Scotland), of the noble house of Balmerinoch, forfeited, on account of its attachment to the House of Stuart, in 1746. His eldest son, Alexander fourth Lord Elphinston, was, in 1599, when Master of Elphinston, appointed one of the senators of the College of Justice, and lord high treasurer of Scotland. He was, in 1604, appointed, by the Scottish parliament, a commissioner to treat with the English regarding a more complete union of the sister kingdoms. He obtained many charters under the great seal at different times, particularly of Bothkennar in 1608. He lived till 1648. By the Hon. Jean Livingston, daughter of Lord Livingston, he had four sons and five daughters. His representative, Alexander fifth Lord Elphinston, married Elizabeth, daughter of Patrick, Lord Drummond, and sister of James first Earl of Perth, and had only one daughter. She married her cousin, Alexander, eldest son of James, her father’s next brother, and the male representative of the family; and was, by him, the mother of Alexander, seventh Lord Elphinston, and of John the eighth lord. The latter nobleman married Lady Isabella Maitland, daughter of the Earl of Lauderdale, and had by her three sons and three daughters. The eldest daughter, Elizabeth, was by the Hon. John Campbell of Mamore, mother of the Duke of Argyll. The eldest son, Charles ninth Lord Elphinston, had, by Elizabeth, daughter of Sir William Primrose, Bart., and sister of James first Viscount Primrose, four sons and two daughters. The youngest of the daughters, Primrose, married Alexander ninth Earl of Home, and brought him his son and heir. The third son, Charles, succeeded as tenth Lord Elphinston. He married Lady Clementina Fleming, only surviving child and heiress of John sixth Earl of Wigton, by Lady Mary Keith, eldest daughter of William ninth Earl Mareschal. He had by her four sons and four daughters. One of the sons was the Hon. William Elphinston, chairman of the India-House. Another was George Keith Elphinston, Lord Viscount Keith, a British peer, Lord Keith of Stonehaven Mareschal, K.G.C.B., admiral of the Red, commander of the Channel Fleet, and knight of the Turkish order of the Crescent. The eldest brother was John eleventh Lord Elphinston. He married the Hon. Miss Ruthven, daughter of James third Lord Ruthven, by Lady Anne Stewart, daughter of James second Earl of Bute, by Lady Anne Campbell, daughter of Archibald first Duke of Argyll. By her he had Lord Elphinston, who was, till his decease, lord-lieutenant of Dumbartonshire; and to whom his lady, Janet Elliot, daughter of Cornelius Elliot, Esquire, and relict of Sir Thomas Carmichael of Skirling, Bart., had the late lord. Another brother was the Hon. Charles Elphinston Fleming of Cumbernauld, rear-admiral of the White, and some time M.P. for Stirlingshire. A third brother, the Hon. Mountstewart Elphinston, in the Indian service, produced a most interesting statistical work on the kingdom of Cabul.

Archibald Orr-Ewing, Esquire, of Ballikinrain, is the seventh son of the late William Ewing, Esquire, of Ardvullin, Dunoon, by Susan, daughter of John Orr, Esquire, of Underwood, Paisley. He was born in 1819; and, in 1847, married Elizabeth Lindsay, daughter of James Reid, Esquire, of Berriedale and Caldercruix. He has, with other issue, William, born in 1848; and educated at Pembroke College, Cambridge. Mr. Orr-Ewing was elected M.P. for Dumbartonshire in 1868.

William Forbes, Esquire, of Callendar, is the eldest son of the late William Forbes, Esquire, by Lady Louisa, daughter of Francis seventh Earl of Wemyss. He was born in 1833; succeeded his father, who for some time represented the county in parliament in 1855; and in 1868, married, second, Edith Marian, third daughter of the Rev. Lord Charles Harvey. He has, with other issue by his first wife, who died in 1866, William Francis, born in 1860.

The Hon. Charles Spencer Bateman, Hanbury-Kincaid-Lennox, is the second son of William first, Lord Bateman, by Elizabeth, daughter of the late Lord Spencer Stanley, Chichester. He was born in 1827; and educated at Eton and Brasenose College, Oxford. In 1847, he took the degree of B.A.; and in the following year, that of M.A. In 1861, he married Margaret, eldest daughter and heiress of the late John Lennox Kincaid-Lennox, Esquire, of Lennox castle, and widow of George seventh Viscount of Strangford, when he assumed the surnames and arms of Kincaid-Lennox by royal license.

Thomas Fenton Livingstone, Esquire, of Westquarter, is the only son of John Thomas Fenton, Esquire, and Selina, younger daughter of the late Sir John Edensor Heathcote, Knt., of Longston Hall, Staffordshire. He was born in 1829; succeeded his grand-uncle, Admiral Sir Thomas Livingstone, Bart., of that ilk, in 1853, when he took the additional name of Livingstone; and in 1855, married Christian Margaret, only daughter and heiress of William Waddell, Esquire, D.L., of Moffat House, Lanark. Mr. Livingstone has, with other surviving issue, John Nigel Edensor, born in 1859.

John Mangles Lowis, Esquire, of Plean, is a son of John Lowis, Esquire, who had been a member of the Supreme Court of India, and died in 1870. His mother was Louisa, daughter of John Fendall, Esquire. Born in 1827, he married in 1854, Ellen, daughter of Ross Donnelly Mangles, Esquire, of Stoke, Surrey; and has, with other issue, John, born in 1855. Mr. Lowis, who was educated at Hayleybury, is in the Bengal Civil Service.

John Warden M’Farlane, Esquire, of Ballencleroch House, Campsie, is the eldest son of John M’Falan, Esquire, by Janet Buchanan, daughter of Robert Ewing, Esquire, of Glasgow. He was born in 1824; succeeded his father in 1852; and in 1857, married Elizabeth, daughter of Duncan Gibb, Esq., of Liverpool. Mr. M’Farlan, who is a captain in the 5th Lancers, was educated at Edinburgh.

Douglas Beresford, Malise Ronald Graham, Duke of Montrose, is the eldest son of James fourth duke, by the Hon. Caroline Agnes, daughter of John second Lord Decies. He was born in 1852; succeeded as fifth duke in 1874; and, in 1876, married Violet, daughter of Sir Frederick Graham, Bart. His education was got at Eton. In the House of Lords he sits as Earl Graham, G.B. He is also hereditary sheriff of Dumbartonshire; lieut. of the 5th Lancers; hon. colonel of the Highland Borderers Light Infantry Militia; and late of the Coldstream Guards. The heir presumptive is the duke’s uncle, Lord Montagu William of Worsted Park, Suffolk, who was born in 1807; and married, in 1867, the Hon. Harriet Anne, daughter of William first Lord Bateman. His lordship was formerly captain in the Coldstream Guards; was M.P. for Grantham, 1852-57; and for Herefordshire, 1859-65. Buchanan house is the seat of the Montrose family. At the death of the last Buchanan of that ilk, in 1682, the estate was sold by his creditors, and purchased by James the third marquis. The family of Graham, which attained to rank under the titular distinction of Montrose, is said to have been settled in Scotland in the reign of David I., about the middle of the twelfth century. Brave and useful at a time when personal bravery was of importance, the Grahams for various services had grants of land from the crown, and gradually rose to eminence. The first notable member of the family was Sir John Graeme of Dundaff, who, during the wars of the succession, fell at the battle of Falkirk in 1298. Then early in the fifteenth century Sir William Graham married, for his second wife, a daughter of Robert III., and Robert, the eldest son of this branch, was the ancestor of the Grahams of Claverhouse. We can only briefly refer here to the attempt made by the great Marquis of Montrose, in May, 1650, in favour of Charles II. His army, consisting of 500 foreigners, was soon defeated, and their gallant leader taken. He was carried on the 18th to Edinburgh, and there treated with extreme indignity. The magistrates, with the city guard and executioner, met him at the Watergate. The prisoners walked, bound two and two, except Montrose, who followed, mounted on a new cart made on purpose, with a high seat, to which he was bound with cords. The hangman rode before, in his livery coat and bonnet, while Montrose sat uncovered. Thus was his fate, before his trial, pantomimically announced. The Earl of Argyll was, in 1685, similarly insulted after his trial, escape, and apprehension. Mr. Fox, while he relates with appropriate indignation the hard fact of Argyll, might, without quitting his subject, have adverted to the indignities offered to Montrose under the auspices of Argyll’s father. Such facts, properly grouped in the historic page, afford a useful lesson to partisans. Tranquil as on a birthday, the marquis bore with equanimity the reproaches with which the chancellor accompanied the sentence of death, and maintained that superiority over his iniquitous judges, to which the greatness of his mind, the fame of his exploits, and the justice of his cause entitled him. On the scaffold, while the executioner, having brought a book reciting his gallant exploits, was tying it round his neck, he smiled, thanked him, and added that he wore this testimony of his bravery and loyalty with more satisfaction than the garter had ever given him. After life was extinct his body was dismembered on the scaffold, his head stuck on a pike at the west end of the prison or tollbooth of Edinburgh, and other parts of his person placed over the gateways of different towns, while the trunk was buried underneath the gallows.

Andrew de Moravia, in David II.’s time, and by that monarch called "our dear blood-relation," is the undoubted progenitor of the Murrays of Touchadam and Polmaise. Kepmad was his first estate in the county, as appears from a royal charter of 10th May, 1365. About this time Laurence Killebrand had obtained a royal charter of Touchmaler and Toulcheadame. On the 28th of July, 1369, Andrew Murray received from David a grant of these lands. His great-grandson and representative, William Murray of Touchadam, had been scutifer to James II., and was appointed constable of Stirling castle under James III. The seventh representative of the founder of the family, William, about 1568, married Agnes, one of the daughters and coheiresses of James Cunninghame of Polmaise, in Stirlingshire. He and his descendants have since been promiscuously known as Murrays of Touchadam and Polmaise. His son and heir, Sir John Murray Miles, got a charter under the great seal of the lands and barony of Polmaise, 8th April, 1588. A late representative of the family, William Murray, Esquire, was designed of Touchadam and Pitlochie. The latter property is in Fife. The present representative is Lieut.-Colonel John Murray, late of the Grenadier Guards. His father was John Murray, Esquire, of Polmaise, and his mother, Elizabeth Bryce of Edinburgh. Born in 1831, he succeeded to the estates in 1862; and in 1859 married Lady Agnes Caroline Graham, daughter of James fourth Duke of Montrose, who died in 1873. The heir presumptive is Mr. Murray’s brother, James, born in 1834.

Alexander Henry Murray-Menzies, Esquire, of Avondale, is the eldest son of the late Gilbert James Murray-Menzies, Esquire, by his first wife, Anne Matilda, only child of the late Alexander Murray, Esquire, of Pitlochie. He was born in 1854. His father, who died in 1874, was formerly an officer in the Black Watch.

John Bell Sherriff, Esquire, of Carronvale, is the youngest son of the late George Sherriff, Esquire, of St. Petersburg, by Margaret, daughter of John Bell, Esquire, of Lyon Thorn, Stirlingshire. He was born in 1821; and, in 1854, married Flora Taylor of Islay, who died in 1876. With other issue, he has George, born in 1856, and educated at Rugby and Glasgow University. Mr. Sherriff purchased Carronvale from the Robertsons in 1857.

Alexander Graham Spiers, Esquire, of Culcreugh, Fintry, is the eldest son of Peter Spiers, Esquire, by Martha Harriet, second daughter of Robert Cunninghame-Graham, Esquire, of Gartmore, Perthshire. He was born in 1793; succeeded to the estate in 1829; and, in 1828, married Mary, second daughter of William Murray, Esquire, of Polmaise. Mr. Spiers, who was educated at the Royal Military College, Marlow, was formerly an officer in the army. He was also M.P. for Paisley 1835-6. The heir of entail is his niece Anne, born in 1833. In 1858, she married Sir George Home, Bart.; and has, with other issue, James, born in 1861.

David Stewart, Esquire, of Stewarthall, is the only son of Robert Stewart, Esquire, by Helen, daughter of Walter Buchanan, Esquire. He was born in 1830; and, in 1861, married Dorothy Emily, only daughter of the Rev. John Cox, rector of Fairstead, Essex; and has, with other issue, Robert John Archibald, born 1863. Mr. Stewart was formerly a captain in the 34th Foot.

Sir Henry James Seton-Stewart, Bart., of Touch House, is the eldest son of Sir Reginald Macdonald Seton-Stewart, Bart., of Staffa, by Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Sir Henry Stewart, Bart, F.R.S., of Allanton. He was born in 1812; succeeded, as third baronet, in 1838; and, in 1852, married Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Montgomery, Esquire. Sir Henry is hereditary armour-bearer and squire of the royal body in Scotland. The heir presumptive is his nephew, Alan Henry, elder son of the late Archibald Seton-Stewart, Esquire, by Catherine, daughter of Robert Stein, Esquire. He was born in 1856.

Andrew Stirling, Esquire, of Muiravonside, is the eldest son of Charles Stirling, Esquire, by Charlotte Dorothea, only daughter of the late vice-admiral Charles Stirling of Woburn Farm, Chertsey, Surrey. He was born in 1829; succeeded to the estate in 1867; and, in 1864, married Georgina Louisa, second daughter of Sir Henry Martin Blackwood.

Sir Charles Elphinstone Fleming Stirling of Glorat House is the third and only surviving son of Captain George Stirling, by his first wife, Anne, daughter of William Gray, Esquire, of Oxgang, and grandson of the late Sir John Stirling, Bart., of Glorat. He was born in 1832; succeeded his brother in 1861; and in 1867, married Anne Georgina, eldest daughter of James Murray, Esquire. In 1550, George Stirling of Glorat was captain and governor-in-chief of Dumbarton castle. The arms and motto, "semper fidelis," was granted to the family for their loyalty to their sovereigns Charles I. and II.; and in 1666, they were further honoured with the dignity of knight and baronet. Both Glorat family and the Stirlings of Craigbarnet are descended from the Stirlings of Cadder, whose name appears in the Ragman’s Roll, 1279.

Major Charles Campbell Graham-Stirling of Craigbarnet is the only son of John Graham, Esquire, of Feddal, by Isabella, daughter of Captain Campbell, late 88th Regiment. He was born in 1827, succeeded his cousin in 1852, and, in 1856, married Elizabeth Agnes, eldest daughter of Robert Dunmore Napier, Esquire, of Ballikinrain.

James Stirling, Esquire of Garden, Kippen, is the eldest son of James Stirling, Esquire, by Isabella, daughter of William Monteith, Esquire. He was born in 1844; and, in 1875, married Anna Selina Gartside, daughter of Gartside Gartside Tipping, Esquire, of Ross-ferry, county Fermanagh. Mr. Stirling was educated at Rugby, and Christ Church, Oxford.

John Stirling Stirling, Esquire of Gargunnock, is the only son of Charles Stirling, Esquire, by Christian, daughter of John Hamilton, Esquire, of Sundrum, Ayrshire. He was born in 1832, succeeded his father in 1889, and, in 1871, married Henrietta Charlotte, youngest daughter of John Buchanan, Esquire, of Carbeth, by whom he has Louisa Christian, born in 1872.

William Stirling, Esquire, of Tarduf, is the third son of the late William Stirling, Esquire, by Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Barrett, Esquire, of Cinnamon Hill, Jamaica, and grandson of John Stirling, Esquire, of Kippendavie, to whose estates in Jamaica he has succeeded. He was born in 1822; and, in 1855, married his cousin, Mary Katherine, daughter of the late Sylvester Douglas Stirling, Esquire, of Glenbervie, and has, with other issue, William George Hay, born in 1861. Mr. Stirling is colonel of the 31st Lanark Rifle Volunteers.

Nathaniel William John Strode, Esquire, of Candie, is the only son of Nathaniel Nugent Strode, Esquire, an officer in the 16th Regiment of Foot, who died in 1831. His mother was Caroline, daughter of Captain Kirk, 47th Regiment. He was born in 1816; and, in 1872, married Eleanor Margaret, third daughter of the late W. C. Courtney, Esquire, and has had with other issue Louis Edward Maitland, born in 1874.

Lawrence Dundas, Earl of Zetland, is eldest son of the Hon. John Charles Dundas of Wood Hall, Wetherby, Yorkshire, who died in 1866. His mother was Margaret Matilda, eldest daughter of James Talbot, Esquire, of Maryville, Wexfordshire. He was born in 1845; succeeded his uncle, Thomas, second earl, K.G., in 1873; and, in 1871, married Lady Lilian Elizabeth Selina, daughter of Richard ninth Earl of Scarborough. His lordship was educated at Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge; was M.P. for Richmond for two years, and formerly served as lieutenant in the Royal Horse Guards.

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