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The Scottish Nation

GARNOCK, Viscount, one of the titles of the earl of Crawford, and one of the peerages which appear on the union roll; conferred in 1703 on John Crawford of Kilbirny, eldest son of the Hon. Patrick Lindsay, second son of the seventeenth earl of Crawford and first earl of Lindsay. Mr. Lindsay, who died in 1680, married Margaret, second daughter of Sir John Crawford of Kilbirny, Ayrshire, and her father having, by special entail, settled his estate upon her and her descendants, their son, John Crawford of Kilbirny above mentioned, succeeded to the estate, and took the name of Crawford. He was born 12th May 1669, and was elected M.P. for Ayrshire in the Scots parliament if 1693, and again in 1703, and sworn a privy councillor. On 10th April of the latter year he was raised to the peerage by the title of Viscount Mount Crawford, which was changed to Garnock on 26th November following. His 2d title was baron Kilbirny and Drumry. He died at Edinburgh, 24th December 1708, in his 40th year.

      His eldest son, Patrick, 2d viscount, died 29th May 1735, and his eldest son, John, 3d viscount, having died unmarried, 22d September 1738, in his 17th year, his next brother, George, became 4th Viscount Garnock. The latter in 1747 was a lieutenant in Lord Drumlanrig’s regiment in the service of the States of Holland, and in 1749 he succeeded as 21st earl of Crawford, and 5th earl of Lindsay, on the death of the celebrated general, John, 20th earl of Crawford. See CRAWFORD.

GARNOCK, ROBERT, one of the martyrs of the covenant, was a native of Stirling; and after the Restoration was a constant attender of the field-preachers. His father was a blacksmith, and having learnt the same trade, he followed his occupation for some time at Glasgow. He subsequently returned to his native town, where he was apprehended and confined for a short period in the castle. In the beginning of 1678, when the Highland host was commanded westward, and all the inhabitants of Stirling were required to take arms in behalf of the government, he refused, and went out of the town with a few others to hold a meeting for prayer. Orders were forthwith issued for his apprehension, but he escaped. He now wandered about from one place to another, until the morning of May 9, 1679, when he was taken prisoner by two soldiers on Stirling Castlehill, in consequence of being present at a skirmish the previous day at a bill above Fintry, between some troopers from Stirling, and a party of Covenanters who had met there at a field-preaching. Being removed to Edinburgh, he remained in prison for nearly two years and a half, continually refusing to subscribe the bond of conformity against offensive arms, tendered by government, and testifying against the indulgence, &c. On October 1, 1681, he was brought before the council, and, having disowned the king’s authority, and refused them as his judges, he was, on the 7th, indicted before the high court of justiciary, and condemned, with five others, to be executed at the Gallow-lee betwixt Edinburgh and Leith, their heads and hands to be cut off, and to be fixed upon the Pleasance Port, Edinburgh. On the 10th, the sentence was carried into effect, upon Garnock and four others, one of the prisoners having been reprieved.

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