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History of England and Scottish Connections

While this site is all about Scotland clearly there has been a great deal of interaction with England over the centuries. This section is simply to explore some of the history of England and the English to help build an understanding of that country and its interaction with Scotland. Also during the publishing of "Early Scotland" there were a lot of references to the Saxon Chronicles so I thought I'd include this publication here for additional reference. I will from time to time add the odd biography of Scots who were born in England of Scottish parents by way of showing how influential they were. In fact in the period 1790-1820 a staggering 130 Scots were MPs representing seats in England and Wales. Also in 2014 is has been recorded "There are more Scots in England than any city in Scotland. It might sound surprising, but according to the latest census figures, there are about 750,000 people born in Scotland who live south of the border. That's more than the population of Edinburgh or Glasgow. I hope by lifting the veil in this way it will encourage others to do more research and obviously we'd be more than happy to publish anything you produce on the subject.

Note: I got clarification on the claim for 130 Scots MP's...

Dear Alastair

I now understand. The figure comes from p. 328 of R. Thorne The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1790-1820 , volume 1, and can be found on this page of the website:

Since the page is rather long, I’ve attached the text below.

The author will simply have been through all of the Members covered in our volumes for 1790-1820 and counted up the Scottish ones.

Best wishes


Scotsmen sitting for non-Scottish seats numbered over 130, noticeably more than the Irish. With 45 seats in Scotland almost monopolized by themselves, the Scots still needed more scope. The eldest sons of Scottish peers, who were not eligible to be created peers of Great Britain until 1782, could not sit for seats in Scotland, and they are among the number. In addition, some Scottish peerage families had English or Welsh interests—notably the Butes. Apart from them, the Campbells, created Lords Cawdor, had Welsh interests. The Johnstone family interest at Weymouth brought in Scots Members; the Dundas interest in Yorkshire introduced members of the family. But, by and large, far more Scots than Irish might properly be termed adventurers: their own country could not support them. Many of them were nabobs—John Agnew, John Alexander Bannerman, Sir George Dallas, Philip Dundas, John Fleming, Charles Forbes, Joseph Hume, Sir John Macpherson, James Paull, Sir William Paxton, John and William Petrie, Patrick Ross, George Simson, James Charles Stuart Strange and Henry Trail come to mind. This was no coincidence: the East India patronage bestowed on his countrymen by Henry Dundas was at work. Apart from dominating Scottish elections, he also occasionally returned Scots for vacant English seats in which he was able to exert ministerial influence, and Scottish Whigs were more or less driven out of their country by him to look for seats elsewhere. Only 23 of all these Members ever sat for Scottish constituencies: the rest crept into every corner of the land for their seats. They were more likely than the Irish to be of mercantile background—London Scottish merchants were often ambitious of a seat in Parliament.

History of England

The History of England in 6 volumes by David Hume
Volume 1  |  Volume 2  }  Volume 3  |  Volume 4  |  Volume 5  |  Volume 6  |  Audio

David Hume is one of the great philosophers of the Western intellectual tradition. His philosophical writings earned him lasting fame and renown; his historical writing earned his bread and butter. His "The History of England from the Invasion of Julius Caesar to the Revolution of 1688", published between 1754 and 1764, was immensely popular and Hume wrote that "the copy-money given me by the booksellers much exceeded any thing formerly known in England; I was become not only independent, but opulent." The six volume work has had numerous editions and is still in print today. David Hume and Thomas Babington Macaulay have frequently been compared as the premier English historians but we don't have to choose because Macaulay begins where Hume leaves off.

The History of England from the Accession of James II
By Thomas Babington MacAulay

With the rest of the world we come with our homage to Macaulay. There is no occasion for us to quote from Macaulay, to criticise or to praise him. Our readers long ago have made their own quotations, selected their favorite passages, have read again and again every page of his history; and the universal approbation of the world has at once dispensed with the necessity of panegyric, and made censure impossible, except to those who are ambitious of a foolish singularity. On whatever side we look at this book, whether the style of it or the matter of it, it is alike astonishing. The style is faultlessly luminous; every word is in its right place; every sentence is exquisitely balanced; the current never flags. Homer, according to the Roman poet, may be sometimes languid; Macaulay is always bright, sparkling, attractive.— Westminster Review.

Life and Letters of Lord MacAulay
By his nephew the Right Hon. Sir G. O. Trevelyan Bart,. O.M. in two volumes (1908)
Volume 1  |  Volume 2

English Pictures
Drawn with Pen and Pencil by the Rev. Samuel Manning LL.D. and the Rev. S. G. Green, D.D.

Reasons for Scots Moving to England

Scots Diaspora in England
By Duncan Sim

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

An Outline of the Relations between England and Scotland (500-1707)

The New Britons: Scottish Identity in the 18th and 19th Centuries

Commercial Relations of England and Scotland 1603 - 1707 By Theodora Keith (1910)

The Scot in England
By John Herries McCulloch (1935)

Three Speeches of The Right Honorable, Sir Francis Bacon Knight
Then his Majesties Sollicitor Generall, after Lord Verulam, Viscount Saint Alban including Post-Nati, Naturalization of the Scotch in England, Union of the Laws of the Kingdomes of England and Scotland (1641).

The History of Normandy and of England
By Sir Francis Palgrave (pdf)
As there are quite a number of Scottish Clans with Norman Ancestry I thought I'd make available this 4 volume publication.
Volume 1  |  Volume 2  |  Volume 3  |  Volume 4

Life in Normandy
Sketches of French Fishing, Farming, Cooking, Natural History and Politics drawn from Nature in two volumes. The following pages were written for pastime in 1848, by a Highland gentleman resident in Normandy (1862)

Vicissitudes of a Soldier's Life
Or, a series of occurrences from 1806 to 1815; with an Introductory and a concluding chapter containing with other matters a concise account of the war in the Peninsula from its commencement to its final close by John Green, late of the 68th Durham Light Infantry (1827) (pdf)

Sir Titus Salt, Baronet
His Life and its Lessons by Rev. R. Balgarnie (1875) (pdf)

Highland Society of London

The next two publications are useful if you do a search for "Scotland" and "Scotch" and "Scots" as it will reveal some interesting material...

Four Years at the Court of Henry VIII
Selection of Dispatches written by the Venetian Ambassador, Sebastian Giustinian, and addressed to the Signatory of Venice, January 12th, 1515 to July 26th, 1519. Translated by Rawdon Brown in two volumes (1854)

Queen Elizabeth and Her Times
A series of original letters selected from the inedited private correspondence of the Lord Treasurer Burghley, the Earl of Leicester, the Secretaries Walsingham and Smith, Sir Christopher Hatton and most of the distinguished persons of the period edited by Thomas Wright, M.A., FSA. &c. of Trinity College, Cambridge, in two volumes (1838)

Memoirs of the Beauties of the Court of Charles the Second
With their Portraits after Sir Peter Rely and other eminent Painters illustrating the diaries of Pepys, Evelyn, Clarendon and other contemporary writers by Mrs. Jameson (Fourth Edition) (1861) (pdf)

Diary of Samuel Pepys, Complete
This was written during the reign of Charles II. (text file)

The Essentials of Self-Government [England & Wales]
A Comprehensive Survey, designed as a Critical Introduction to the Detailed Study of the Electoral Mechanism as the Foundation of Political Power, and a Potent Instrument of Intellectual and Social Evolution; with Practical Suggestions for the Increase of its Efficiency by Ellis T. Powell (1909) (pdf)

A Yacht Voyage Round England
By William H. G. Kingston - New Edition, Revised and Enlarged (pdf)

The Rutland Magazine and County Historical Record
Edited by G. Phillips

The Toilers of the Field
By Richard Jefferies (1901) (pdf)

The Connection between England and Scotland
By Ella S. Armitage (1885) (pdf)

The Hamilton Papers
Letters and Papers illustrating the political relations of England and Scotland in the 16th century formerly in the possession of the Dukes of Hamilton now in the British Museum edited by Joseph Bail FSAScot in two volumes (1892)

The history of the troubles and memorable transactions in Scotland and England
From 1624 to 1645 in two volumes (1827) by John Spalding.

Scots Descendants in England

John MacKintosh
A Biography by Geo. W. Crutchley (1921)
Gladstone, W.E.
Prime Minister of Britain, by James Bryce (1919)

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