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Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa
By David Livingstone, 1857

Including a Sketch of Sixteen Years' Residence in the Interior of Africa, and a Journey from the Cape of Good Hope to Loanda on the West Coast; Thence Across the Continent, Down the River Zambesi, to the Eastern Ocean. By David Livingstone, LL.D., D.C.L., Fellow of the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons, Glasgow; Corresponding Member of the Geographical and Statistical Society of New York; Gold Medalist and Corresponding Member of the Royal Geographical Societies of London and Paris F.S.A., Etc., Etc.




President Royal Geographical Society, F.R.S., V.P.G.S., Corr. Inst. of France, and Member of the Academies of St. Petersburg, Berlin, Stockholm, Copenhagen, Brussels, Etc.,

This Work is affectionately offered as a Token of Gratitude for the kind interest he has always taken in the Author's pursuits and welfare; and to express admiration of his eminent scientific attainments, nowhere more strongly evidenced than by the striking hypothesis respecting the physical conformation of the African continent, promulgated in his Presidential Address to the Royal Geographic Society in 1852, and verified three years afterward by the Author of these Travels.

London, Oct., 1857.

  • Preface

  • Introduction

  • Chapter 1
    The Bakwain Country -- Study of the Language -- Native Ideas  regarding Comets -- Mabotsa Station -- A Lion Encounter --

  • Chapter 2
    The Boers -- Their Treatment of the Natives -- Seizure of native Children  Water hidden.

  • Chapter 3
    Departure from Kolobeng, 1st June, 1849 -- Companions -- Our Route --  Abundance of Grass -- Serotli, a Fountain in the Desert --

  • Chapter 4
    Leave Kolobeng again for the Country of Sebituane -- Reach the Zouga --  The Tsetse -- A Party of Englishmen -- Death of Mr. Rider --

  • Chapter 5
    Start in June, 1852, on the last and longest Journey from Cape Town --  Companions -- Wagon-traveling -- Physical Divisions of Africa --

  • Chapter 6
    Kuruman -- Its fine Fountain -- Vegetation of the District --  Remains of ancient Forests -- Vegetable Poison --

  • Chapter 7
    Departure from the Country of the Bakwains -- Large black Ant -- Land Tortoises -- Diseases of wild Animals -- Habits of old Lions --

  • Chapter 8
    Effects of Missionary Efforts -- Belief in the Deity -- Ideas of the Bakwains on Religion -- Departure from their Country --

  • Chapter 9
    Reception at Linyanti -- The court Herald -- Sekeletu obtains the Chieftainship from his Sister -- Mpepe's Plot -- Slave-trading Mambari

  • Chapter 10
    The Fever -- Its Symptoms -- Remedies of the native Doctors -- Hospitality of Sekeletu and his People -- One of their Reasons for Polygamy.

  • Chapter 11
    Departure from Linyanti for Sesheke -- Level Country -- Ant-hills -- Wild Date-trees -- Appearance of our Attendants on the March --

  • Chapter 12
    Procure Canoes and ascend the Leeambye -- Beautiful Islands -- Winter Landscape -- Industry and Skill of the Banyeti --

  • Chapter 13
    Preliminary Arrangements for the Journey -- A Picho -- Twenty-seven Men appointed to accompany me to the West -- Eagerness of the Makololo

  • Chapter 14
    Increasing Beauty of the Country -- Mode of spending the Day -- The People and the Falls of Gonye -- A Makololo Foray -- A second prevented,

  • Chapter 15
    Message to Masiko, the Barotse Chief, regarding the Captives -- Navigation of the Leeambye -- Capabilities of this District --

  • Chapter 16
    Nyamoana's Present -- Charms -- Manenko's pedestrian Powers -- An Idol -- Balonda Arms -- Rain -- Hunger -- Palisades -- Dense Forests --

  • Chapter 17
    Leave Shinte -- Manioc Gardens -- Mode of preparing the poisonous kind -- Its general Use -- Presents of Food -- Punctiliousness of the Balonda --

  • Chapter 18
    The Watershed between the northern and southern Rivers -- A deep Valley -- Rustic Bridge -- Fountains on the Slopes of the Valleys --

  • Chapter 19
    Guides prepaid -- Bark Canoes -- Deserted by Guides -- Mistakes respecting the Coanza -- Feelings of freed Slaves --

  • Chapter 20
    Continued Sickness -- Kindness of the Bishop of Angola and her Majesty's Officers -- Mr. Gabriel's unwearied Hospitality --

  • Chapter 21
    Visit a deserted Convent -- Favorable Report of Jesuits and their Teaching -- Gradations of native Society -- Punishment of Thieves --

  • Chapter 22
    Leave Pungo Andongo -- Extent of Portuguese Power -- Meet Traders and Carriers -- Red Ants; their fierce Attack;

  • Chapter 23
    Make a Detour southward -- Peculiarities of the Inhabitants -- Scarcity of Animals -- Forests -- Geological Structure of the Country --

  • Chapter 24
    Level Plains -- Vultures and other Birds -- Diversity of Color in Flowers of the same Species -- The Sundew -- Twenty-seventh Attack of Fever --

  • Chapter 25
    Colony of Birds called Linkololo -- The Village of Chitlane -- Murder of Mpololo's Daughter -- Execution of the Murderer and his Wife --

  • Chapter 26
    Departure from Linyanti -- A Thunder-storm -- An Act of genuine Kindness -- Fitted out a second time by the Makololo -- Sail down the Leeambye --

  • Chapter 27
    Low Hills -- Black Soldier-Ants; their Cannibalism -- The Plasterer and its Chloroform -- White Ants; their Usefulness --

  • Chapter 28
    Beautiful Valley -- Buffalo -- My young Men kill two Elephants -- The Hunt -- Mode of measuring Height of live Elephants --

  • Chapter 29
    Confluence of Loangwa and Zambesi -- Hostile Appearances -- Ruins of a Church -- Turmoil of Spirit -- Cross the River --

  • Chapter 30
    An Elephant-hunt -- Offering and Prayers to the Barimo for Success -- Native Mode of Expression -- Working of Game-laws -- A Feast --

  • Chapter 31
    Kind Reception from the Commandant -- His Generosity to my Men -- The Village of Tete -- The Population -- Distilled Spirits --

  • Chapter 32
    Leave Tete and proceed down the River -- Pass the Stockade of Bonga -- Gorge of Lupata -- "Spine of the World" -- Width of River --

  • Appendix.  -- Book Review in Harper's New Monthly Magazine, February, 1858.

The British Colonial Library
History of Southern Africa By R. Montgomery Martin, F.S.S.

The African Colony
By John Buchan (1903) (pdf)

The Cape and its Colonists
With Hints to Settlers by George Nicholson, Jun (1848) (pdf)

Narrative of Discovery and Adventure in Africa
From the earliest ages to the present time with illustrations of the Geology, Mineralogy, and Zoology by Professor Jameson, James Wilson, and Hugh Murray (1830) (pdf)

The Martyrs of Blantyre
Henry Henderson, Dr. John Bowie and Robert Cleland: a chapter from the story of missions in central Africa by William Robertson (1892) (pdf)

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