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Scotch Wild Cattle

IN some of the parks of England and Scotland herds of white half-wild cattle are kept, which are generally known as "wild cattle," and are direct descendants of the long mained white cattle that formerly inhabited tbe Caledonian woods. At the end of the last century these fine animals were still kept in the parks of Chillingham in Northumberland, Wollaton in Nottinghamsbire, Giobume in Yorkshire, Lime Hall in Cheshire, and Chartley in Staffordshire. The oldest stock is at Hamilton, but in 1760 most of the animals had to be killed on account of viciousness. Since then, however, great care bas been taken in their breeding, and at present Chillingham Park has the finest herd of these animals.

Another fine herd is at Hamilton, near Glasgow. Near Hamilton, on the banks of the Avon, the ruins of the old Cadzew Castle are located, which was destroyed during the reign of the unfortunate Mary. In the beautiful park surrounding those ruins hundreds of enormous oaks grow, which are the last remnants of the Caledonian woods, and are preserved with the greatest care possible. The animals are kept in this park. They are never stabled, the cows are never milked, and when tbe number of animals increases too rapidly they are shot by huuters in the same manner as deer and other game.

The animals are of a clear white color, the neck and tail tassel are yellowish, the nose, eyes, ears, and hoofs are jet black, and the legs from the knees downward are spotted. On some animals the ears are russet red. The horns are very slender, and are whitish with black tips. They are of medium length. The steers are very large and strong, and have long. curly, shaggy tails, forming a mane. The annexed cut, which is taken from the lliustrirte Zeitung, represents a steer, a cow, a heifer, and a calf. The drawing was made by the well Known artist, Ludwig Beckmann.


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